"Phog" Allen
Bob Knight

Dean Smith
Adolph Rupp
John Wooden
"Red" Auerbach
"Lefty" Driesell
Ralph Miller












Important Dates in Basketball History






Basketball was invented in 1891 by Dr. James Naismith while teaching at the YMCA Training School (now Springfield College) in Springfield, MA.

Naismith was instructed to devise a game that could be played inside during the cold winter months that bridged football and baseball. He wanted to devise a game that emphasized skill rather than one that would depend solely on strength. His concept for basketball came from a simple child's game he had played outside his one-room schoolhouse as a child known as "duck-on-a-rock"; the game involved attempting to knock a "duck" off the top of a large rock by tossing another rock at it.

The game of basketball slowly evolved over time. The game began as an indoor leisure activity to provide exercise in the winter months when it was too cold to go outside and play football. It all began with a soccer ball and two peach baskets nailed to a rail above the floor. Today basketball has changed tremendously and has become one of the most popular games in the USA. There are huge franchises, big rivalries, and enormously talented and very well paid player pool, stars like Lebron James earning up to 60 million dollars a year in salary alone. With many fans now who follow the sport there has been a dramatic increase on Betway.com with many basketball markets available.

Naismith devised a set of thirteen rules of basketball:

1. The ball may be thrown in any direction with one or both hands.
2. The ball may be batted in any direction with one or both hands, but never with the fist.
3. A player cannot run with the ball. The player must throw it from the spot on which he catches it, allowance to be made for a man running at good speed.
4. The ball must be held in or between the hands. The arms or body must not be used for holding it.
5. No shouldering, holding, pushing, striking or tripping in any way of an opponent. The first infringement of this rule by any person shall count as a foul; the second shall disqualify him until the next goal is made or, if there was evident intent to injure the person, for the whole of the game. No substitution shall be allowed.
6. A foul is striking at the ball with the fist, violations of Rules 3 and 4 and such as described in Rule 5.
7. If either side make three consecutive fouls it shall count as a goal for the opponents (consecutive means without the opponents in the meantime making a foul).
8. Goal shall be made when the ball is thrown or batted from the ground into the basket and stays there, providing those defending the goal do not touch or disturb the goal. If the ball rests on the edge and the opponents move the basket, it shall count as a goal.
9. When the ball goes out of bounds, it shall be thrown into the field and played by the first person touching it. In case of dispute the umpire shall throw it straight into the field. The thrower-in is allowed five seconds. If he holds it longer, it shall go to the opponent. If any side persists in delaying the game, the umpire shall call a foul on them.
10. The umpire shall be judge of the men and shall note the fouls and notify the referee when three consecutive fouls have been made. He shall have the power to disqualify men according to Rule 5.
11. The referee shall be the judge of the ball and decide when it is in play in bounds, to which side it belongs, and shall keep the time. He shall decide when a goal has been made and keep account of the goals with any other duties that are usually performed by a referee.
12. The time shall be two 15-minute halves with five minutes' rest between.
13. The side making the most goals in that time shall be declared the winners.