"PISTOL PETE" MARAVICH
Dates in Basketball History
EARLY HISTORY OF BASKETBALL
Basketball was invented in 1891 by Dr. James Naismith while teaching
at the YMCA Training School (now Springfield College) in Springfield,
was instructed to devise a game that could be played inside during the
cold winter months that bridged football and baseball. He wanted to devise
a game that emphasized skill rather than one that would depend solely
on strength. His concept for basketball came from a simple child's game
he had played outside his one-room schoolhouse as a child known as "duck-on-a-rock";
the game involved attempting to knock a "duck" off the top of
a large rock by tossing another rock at it.
Naismith devised a set of thirteen rules of basketball:
1. The ball may be thrown in any direction with one or both hands.
2. The ball may be batted in any direction with one or both hands, but
never with the fist.
3. A player cannot run with the ball. The player must throw it from the
spot on which he catches it, allowance to be made for a man running at
4. The ball must be held in or between the hands. The arms or body must
not be used for holding it.
5. No shouldering, holding, pushing, striking or tripping in any way of
an opponent. The first infringement of this rule by any person shall count
as a foul; the second shall disqualify him until the next goal is made
or, if there was evident intent to injure the person, for the whole of
the game. No substitution shall be allowed.
6. A foul is striking at the ball with the fist, violations of Rules 3
and 4 and such as described in Rule 5.
7. If either side make three consecutive fouls it shall count as a goal
for the opponents (consecutive means without the opponents in the meantime
making a foul).
8. Goal shall be made when the ball is thrown or batted from the ground
into the basket and stays there, providing those defending the goal do
not touch or disturb the goal. If the ball rests on the edge and the opponents
move the basket, it shall count as a goal.
9. When the ball goes out of bounds, it shall be thrown into the field
and played by the first person touching it. In case of dispute the umpire
shall throw it straight into the field. The thrower-in is allowed five
seconds. If he holds it longer, it shall go to the opponent. If any side
persists in delaying the game, the umpire shall call a foul on them.
10. The umpire shall be judge of the men and shall note the fouls and
notify the referee when three consecutive fouls have been made. He shall
have the power to disqualify men according to Rule 5.
11. The referee shall be the judge of the ball and decide when it is in
play in bounds, to which side it belongs, and shall keep the time. He
shall decide when a goal has been made and keep account of the goals with
any other duties that are usually performed by a referee.
12. The time shall be two 15-minute halves with five minutes' rest between.
13. The side making the most goals in that time shall be declared the